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EDUCATION 教育

崖山之后仍汉风——浅话闽筑装饰风宋式遗痕的启示(朱方诚)

shejixueyuanzicongkaisheleminzuyishukaochakecheng,meinianjishishengmendailailebushaodehuoli。conglvtudexinxiandaojianwendefengfu,doushiyishugongzuozhebukehuoquedeshenghuotiyan。erxueshenghuilaihoudeshejichuangzuo,yehuishitamenpingshengnanyiwanghuaideyicishijian。tongshi,yehuijijiaoshimendailaixindekeyansucai。

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minnankejiawenhua,shijinshinanqianyilai,shihanzuduobizhanluan,yanxuxianghuodehuohuashi,lijingduodaiyiminsuorongheerchengdeteshudewenhualian。zainongsang、shishu、jianzhu、pengrenshang,douyouqidutedeguanghuan,youqishijianzhuzaizheiyidiquderenmenxinzhong,congshenghuoziyuandebudongchanjiaodu,zhezhongtixianlekejiawenhuadejiazhiguan、shenmeiguan,huozheshuohaiyougengwanqiangdeminzuyishi。

tongguozheicicaifeng。chubuyinxiangshi,wulunminzhongtulouhuozhongyancuo(fangwudemincheng),qijiegou、wenshi、zaoxingbiliduofangweiditixianlesong、mingkuanshiyihen,chengweilekejiawenhuaqiangrenhanyundexiezhao。

  • 重檐重脊的闽式屋顶,多用庙堂及高规格的大厝。而其屋脊多显弧线,继承了宋代《营造法式》的屋脊造型,可以说国内明清建筑的罕见一式,虽然大厝和燕尾脊翘,有南洋小乘佛教建筑的影子,但是,在明清时期海外贸易风,还不至于影响到中国建筑的大屋顶文化,大尺度的屋檐悬挑应该是土墙防雨功能的追求。

2、songshideluodichuanghuawenshengxingbushuai。

zhangzhouwenmiao,shijianyubeisongqinglinianjian,qizhilingshideluodizhangchuang,yingshilidaixiushanbaocunlezhichudegeshiyicun,bingqiezheileizhilinggeshanzaituloujianzhushangyeshiduojian,erwenmiaogaochangdehengchuangminggeshangyouliangzhongtuan,xipindoushishizihuahaitang,zheizhongkuanshizhishaoketuidaomingdaizhongqi,erqieyingshilaojianzhenji,

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og真人注册zuilingrenzantandeshizhumengaodadeluodichuang,huage、wenliquanranfangmingmandigoutuchilongwengeshi,erbushiqitashengfenqingdaishengxingde“denglongjin”goutu,jikuangzhongjiayixiaokuang,yikazihuapianpanchengzhengfutuan。

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  • 拒绝博古图案。看了很多土楼大厝,发现在晋、徽建筑上盛行的鼎彝器图案十分罕见,满清贵族入主中原,最喜欢商周时期的青铜艺术,因为汉人奴隶社会的审美和满清的游木文化比较对等,所以清式纹样几乎都出于青铜图案,但也许闽地山区出于边陲地区,人们对清代皇权若即若离,加之郑芝龙、郑成功父子影响,人们维护农耕文化的审美情结要强许多吧。此外,在晋、徽建筑五抹门窗重雕刻的裙板,闽地多素光不雕刻,也体现了中式建筑在多雨潮湿地区下部构件防腐为主及以简朴来维系经济水平的特点。3
  • 门当户对的简洁版

minshijianzhu,xiangduimentingdehaohua,qiyujianpo。danshiduiwaimentoudezhuangshihaohuaduyuanbunengyujin、huiliangdihaozhaixiangbi。xianglaiyishiweiledidiao,buzhaoyaoguoshi,yinlaibingdao。ershizunsongdaiyifeng,(jianqingmingshanghetu)jiankuomenzhupingqianyuqiangzhong,jinyongcaiselaimohui,gouchumenmian、biane,mendunshibuguandacuoxiaowu,douzhiyousiwushigongfenjianfang,yongminchanzhimabaihuagangyan,dingshangdiaolingzhiwen,zhengmiandiaoxianhelingzhi、wutongbailu,cemiandiaohuahui、shuangchilonghuoanbaxian,meiyouzaimendunshishanglibaogushidexianli。

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yibanlaishuo,mingqingerdaijianzhuchongshangmentouzhuangshidegaofeng,huipaijianzhuyou“qianjinmenlousiliangwu”zhishuo,kejianminsudexuanfuxinli,erfujianziguyilaihaidaochumei,dizuzizhi,suoyishijianzhushenmeiminfengyuneidichengzhenhuadexiaofeigansilveyoubutongdeyuanguba。

danmindijianzhuyongmukuochuo,tulouweilangdoushicudadeyuanmuxuantiao,(shenzhitiaoyanliangdechuandoufadouqiaodingludou,zaiminjujianzhushangyesuanshigaoguigele)。lanfushangbushezhu,meiyoudiaojiao,zengjialekongjiangan。yicengzhuzidexiabanbufenduoyongshizhu,yingshifangfuxiguan。yeshuomingzheilidediyuteseshichuantongjiancaidechongyu,shimindizhang、shanyileiqiaomujiheibaixihuagangyanshengchanbushuaizaojiudeyuanyin。

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eryingshanshidetuangengshifengfuduocai,kuozhanchengyoufudiaohuafu,sushuozhekejiarenhuisedongrendegushi,zheixierudaofuyiyangdegoutubiaoluchuminrendedanchuzhengshierrongruzirandeposushenghuogan。

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wenhua,zhiyoutongguoduilishidezongjieyutilian,cainengzhengdaodishuxiexindewenhualishi,zheicaishiminjianyishukaocha 。

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